Here’s a look at some interesting events that took place on this day in history:

1582 – Pope Gregory XIII announces the Gregorian calendar (More info)

1803 – In Marbury v. Madison, the Supreme Court of the United States establishes the principle of judicial review (More info)

1868 – Andrew Johnson becomes the first President of the United States to be impeached by the US House of Representatives; he is later acquitted in the Senate (More info)

1920 – The Nazi Party is founded (More info)

2008 – Fidel Castro retires as the President of Cuba after nearly 50 years in power (More info)